India's compost handling capacity is less than 10%
Biodegradable (or compostable) waste is typically of plant or animal origin and can be decomposed by living organisms. Biodegradable waste in the form of food waste from kitchens of households and restaurants, abattoir waste, and horticulture waste forms a major part of municipal solid waste.
Estimates of biodegradable waste as a percent of total MSW vary from 50% to 60%.
The capacity of composting facilities in many cities is
under-utilised because fertiliser companies are not lifting the compost from manufacturers, reflecting low consumption demand on account of uncompetitive price of compost compared with chemical fertilisers and poor quality of the product resulting from the use of mixed waste as feedstock. The number of commercial scale composting plants installed in the country is 95, with a combined capacity to process 2.37 million tonnes of organic waste annually. However, only 14 per cent of the capacity is utilised to produce 0.33 million tonnes of compost annually